BENGALURU: There is a hike in the number of diabetes patients year by year in our country. Around 11% of population affected by diabetes in Bangalore and 8% population in rural areas. The only solution is to spread awareness about the nature about the disease. This was the views of Dr I. A. Khan Consultant Physician & Diabetologist, Shifaa Hospital Bengaluru worrying the alarming rise in diabetes in the country.
Diabetes, often mentioned by doctors as diabetes mellitus, describes a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is insufficient, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar typically experience polyuria (frequent urination); become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia) and feel extreme tiredness and weight loss.
“People are unaware about the disease and not ready to change the unhealthy life style. Therefore, every month we conduct free Diabetic camps in and around the city. Those who are detected will be called for repeated counselling and treatments,” mentioned Dr I. A. Khan.
Research Society for the Study of Diabetes in India, (RSSDI) is one of the largest organisations of diabetes healthcare professionals and researchers in Asia. A research ‘Global Estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2010 and 2030’ found that the world prevalence of diabetes among adults (aged 20–79 years) was 6.4%, that affected 285 million adults in 2010. The report says that it will increase to 7.7%, and 439 million adults by 2030.
India is the top most country with 50.8 million adult diabetes patients in the world. By 2030, the rate will increase up to 87.0 million people with diabetes. Between 2010 and 2030, there will be a 69% increase in number of adults with diabetes in developing countries and 20% increase in developed countries.
“Diabetes is classified as a metabolic disorder. The way our body digests the food contents is called as metabolism. Most of the food contents are broken down into glucose. Glucose acts as sugar in our body and this is the main source of fuel for all physical work and energy. Insulin is a hormone produced by pancreas in the body. After eating, pancreas produces insulin to bring down the glucose level in the blood. In a person with diabetes, the pancreas either stops or reduces the insulin production. This leads to increased level of glucose, which affects the body. Even though body has sufficient glucose, it will not enter in to the cells due to decreased insulin level. Thus, the glucose will pass through the urine and will lead to repeated infection,” explained Dr Khan.
According to World Health Organization (WHO), fact sheet diabetes for accounted 3.4 million deaths due to high blood sugar in India. WHO also states that 80 percent of diabetes deaths occur in underdeveloped and developing countries and it will double by 2030 (taken from a study conducted in 2010). Diabetes is a lifelong condition.