BENGALURU: The transgender community is one of the most misinterpreted community in our country. Most transgenders are usually stereotyped as sex workers, beggars or criminals.
In India, transgender people include Hijras (Eunuchs), shiv-saktis, jogappas, Sakhi, jogtas, Aradhis etc. In fact, there are many who do not belong to any of the groups but are transgender.
Hijras from Bapuji Nagar PHOTO – BHARATH
Hijra community is the only one willing to openly express itself; it becomes the most visible form of transgender identity in India. And a lot of stereotyping begins here.In India, due to lack of awareness, people often call an effeminate man Hijra. Even gay people have been often called Hijra in our country. It is not wrong to be Hijra, it’s just very wrong to stereotype all transgender people as Hijra.
Being openly transgender is a very brave thing to do in our society, because it’s not easy. Hence, most transgenders choose to keep their gender status private and live in binaries as constructed by the society.
“I’ve studied MA in English. But I don’t have any job, because no one is ready to give me one. So I do begging. I come here (Nanjappa Circle) every morning and afternoon I’ll go to Vijay Nagar. It’s hard to live now. No one is giving money. You, college students have money to take out your girlfriend but don’t have 10 rupees to give me. I’ve attended few job interviews but no one took me, in cinemas we’ll find the good guy who helps everyone. But I haven’t seen one in real life”, said Sound Saroja, a transgender from Babuji Nagar.
Very few transgenders have been able to overcome the difficulties they face by the society and excelled in various spheres of life like Shilok Mukkati, a renowned poet, and a Radio Jockey in Radio Active CR 90.4 MHz
Being a media student, Shilok approached Radio Active, a community radio where she was asked to do a program on menstruation. Priyanka Divaakar, country’s first transgender RJ was doing a program called “Yarivaru” and she took a break. Shilok stepped in to do the second season of “Yarivaru” in which she expanded the scope of the program by including the community and the responses of people. Now Shilok has got her own slot called “Colourful Kamanabillu”.
“Doing this program has helped me to a great extent, both in terms of stabilizing me and understanding the LGBT community.”said Shilok. Shilok’s life has been a spectrum of all kinds of experience. She started writing in Kannada and began her journey as a poet at the Open Sky, a platform where budding artists showcase their talent in every performative field. Writing is extremely emotive as a mode of communication for Shilok. Shilok confesses to have an abiding love for literature, which she credits for clarifying her thoughts on the concepts of sex and sexuality. One of her favourite authors is Chandani, a transgender poet who is currently working on her autobiography.
“We are recognised legally in this country but only for the sake of law. We’re still not recognized as a human being. No respect is given. There are many people who would help us, take care of us. But the rest, look at us like we are from another planet,” said Shilok.
While conversing with few Hijras from Nanjappa Circle, Sound Saroja, a hijra who resides in Bangalore talked about the Eunuch festival in Koovagam, Tamil Nadu.“I haven’t been to the Eunuch festival, but I’ve heard stories from our community. Some people in my community have been to the festival. Transgenders from different parts of the country come together for this festival 16 days prior to it. Many talent shows and beauty contest happens in the festival. My friends talk about this festival; it’s something all of us look forward to. I hope I can make it to the festival next year”.
On the full moon day of the Chithra (April/May) month of the Hindu lunar calendar every year, transgender and transvestites from all over India gather at the Koothandavar temple for the Eunuch festival at Koovagam village. Every year they participate in the re-enactment of the tale of Indian epic Mahabharata, in which they play the bride of warrior God Aravan.
Aravan is a small character in Hindu mythology that played an important role in the Hindu epic ‘Mahabharata’. ‘Mahabharata’ is a story of two branches of brothers known as Pandavas and Kuaravas, born to different queens of King Pandu. In their struggle to win the throne, the brothers’ group was involved in a historic war called the ‘Kurukshetra’.
On the 17th day, the priest at the Koothandavar temple performs a special pooja by reciting spiritual mantras and decorating the Aravan’s idol with flowers and brings upon the power of Aravan on himself, and ties yellow threads called “Thaali” around the neck of all the Eunuchs as a marriage ritual symbolizing their marriage Aravan. The Eunuchs spend the night merrymaking by dancing and singing. They also involve in sexual relationship with men visiting the temple. “The next morning after the ritual, the Eunuchs rip away the yellow threads and cry out loud beating their chests and mourn Aravan’s death,” added Saroja.
1. As someone who has lived in Bangalore for some time, what was your reaction when you found out about incident that transpired on MG Road on New Year’s Eve?
I wasn’t surprised by what had happened on New Year’s Eve. Though these type of incidents in Bangalore earlier were rare, far and few. But more and more people come out on Christmas Day or a New Year’s Eve or a festival day.
Large gathering of people including women might give rise to these types of happenings. Because people with all mindset come. Many people don’t have any moral values. Earlier days Bangalore was a very quiet place. Maybe Christmas was celebrated in churches and maybe in clubs and there was no celebration of New Years’ on the streets in the earlier days. But as the years have gone by, I think this type of celebration in India has become wider. I would have been happy if Bangalore’s population hadn’t t grown up to such a big level. I came to Bangalore in 1956 to join my college and the population was 4 lakhs. And we are now 120 lakhs +. And the slightest of the possibility (opportunity), people want to celebrate it. It could be winning a cricket match or it could be something else.
People want to come down to the streets. Earlier of course mostly the boys came down to the street. Well, things have changed now. Women also come down to the streets and naturally this type of incidents become more. I am not surprised at that. Because they don’t see the ways and means of controlling that. But law and order cannot prevent this type of incidents at all. These are not pre-planned incidents. These are incidents which occur on the spot. Emotions on the spot. Well, that’s my view in regard to the growing things (incidents).
2.The term coined to address this incident is ‘Mass Molestation’. Your views on that.
That’s ridiculous. When ten thousand people get together in such a small street like brigade road, somebody touching somebody, it could be accidental or it could be on purpose. Some perverts are there. But to say its mass molestation, I certainly don’t agree. It’s exaggerating the incidents that have taken place. As a matter of fact I read what the commissioner of police said. That the (all) CCTV cameras hardly showed one or two persons behaving unbecomingly. It’s not a mass molestation at all. These are exaggerations
3.Your take on the development of this into a movement. #IWillGoOut, etc.
Good thing. I would have preferred the old system of parents teaching the boys and the girls the values of life. How to deal with… A boy should deal with a girl like a mother or a sister. And girls also should look at it from the same point of view. But things have changed very much.
Today it’s become an open society where I hardly find the required values in our life. As a matter of fact we live in a society that condones everything that happens. This earlier was not accepted by the society. I think this is a thing which we got to learn from values rather than by laws.
Laws cannot control this kind of incidents. I have been to more than 900 educational institutions to talk about changing the society in which we are. The society accepts everything. We are into a society which respects money and power. Nothing else. The lack of moral values is not condemned. On the contrary it is condoned by the society.
These values you should learn from the family and from the schools. We used to have moral sciences subject (in school) which used to give us a lot of information about the do’s and don’ts in life. Today you don’t find that subject at all. Today you teach only information about how to become rich, how to become successful in life and not the real values of life. The movement is very good. Because that’s what will create another type of awareness to the people. I support such movements.
4. Do you feel that it is an issue that plagues all the metro cities in this country?
Yes. I think it is. Metros are the biggest victims of these types of things (incidents). Because a lot of migration takes place. People don’t come with the family. They come alone. They stay alone. And the manly desire is always there. And so when a gathering is there people come out. Yes, metros (in) it is much more than the other places. In the rural areas the people will take care of that. Whereas in a metro (people are) totally unconcerned about what is happening. People take advantage of that. You are right. In metros it happens much more than other areas.
5. The moment any untoward incident happens, the general public opinion is that there is a break down in the Law and Order machinery. Your views on it.
I don’t agree with that. These incidents take place without any preparation. Nobody knows about the planning even if it is done. These are incidents that take place because of the mass gathering. It takes place spontaneously. You can’t have thousand policemen to control thousand people. It is impossible. And from what I read in the papers, Brigade Road had a couple of thousands of people all jammed together in one place. How can a policeman stop it? I don’t believe that the law and order has failed in this.
6. Many political leaders and well-known personalities have openly stated to the media that the onus lies on the woman. Right from the way she dresses to the timings of her outings to limiting her interaction with the opposite sex. Does it talk about a mindset?
It talks about a mindset. According to me, it is somewhat of a perverted mindset. You want women to be in burqa inside the house only and not to come out? Things have changed. They have the same rights as men. Why do you blame (them)? There are men who come out in the rural areas with their ‘kacchas’ tied in such indecent manner. But that’s a fashion there in that village.
7. Recently, I had the opportunity to meet Malini Krishnamaurty, Inspector General of Police, Karnataka Special Reserve Police. A friend of mine had written a piece on the helpline number 1091 not working and when we met her at town hall during a protest, she said that she was not aware about it till it was brought to her attention. She also said that there are other numbers through which one can contact the police. If the basic helpline number does not work during any emergency, what does it say sir?
It shows utter lack of responsibility to say that the number is not working! I was watching a program yesterday where they tried every helpline number, which was there and only one answered out of 10.
8. As far as punishment goes, do you think the punishment for violence against women should be more stringent?
As it is, it is quite stringent. Under Section 376, they have amended punishment, which is much more than what it used to be earlier. But nobody is afraid of punishment. We have to have a system especially in criminal law where punishment should be awarded within maximum 6 months time. It is not unknown to have a system like this. We need to increase the number of courts and change the procedural laws. I have been talking from the rooftop that these types of procedural laws have become archaic. You can’t now have it in the system.
One another example I will give you. If 10 people watch an incident that is taking place, maybe a rape, an accident or a murder, the jurisprudence requires that court should be convinced that a person has committed a crime. And if there is a doubt about it, the benefit of doubt goes to the accused. If 10 people are there, 5 people may not be available to come to provide evidence. So you examine only 5 people. 5 people speak about the incident. Then the lawyer will say “why only these 5 people are chosen? If the other 5 were brought I am sure that they would have said something in the contrary. ” So you create a benefit of doubt in the mind of the court and get an acquittal. There are many such loopholes in the systems that have to be controlled.
9. You spoke about power and money. In most of the cases, especially rape cases, even if someone is prosecuted, they belong to the lower income section of the society. And the richer bigger fishes always escape. Is there a way by which the richer people with power and money can be brought to justice?
The prosecuting agency must have a good lawyer. Today that doesn’t happen. The rich and the powerful have money so they engage the best of lawyers. And normally these posts to defend the state cases go to certain people by someone’s recommendation. Normally what happens is that they bring influences and people with not much legal acumen go
Normally what happens is that they bring influences and people with not much legal acumen go into the system. Prosecuting criminals with this kind of legal system is very difficult. Unless you have a competent lawyer who is capable of convincing the court about the gravity of the offense and the need for a higher punishment, it will be a challenge.
BENGALURU: Gender inequality and discrimination continues to exist in our society, though our religious belief put women at the pedestal of a goddess. We still fail to recognize her as human being first. Discrimination based on an individual’s gender or sex, often affects both men and women.
In 2011, Donna Kassman, a former KPMG senior manager filed a 350 million dollar suit against the company for practicing discriminatory pay and promotion policies. The firm failed to investigate and resolve complaints of discrimination and harassment.The preamble of Indian constitution speaks about achieving social, economic and political justice to everyone and to provide equal status and opportunity to all the citizens. Article 15 of the constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of sex, religion, race, caste and place of birth. However the reality is different. Women are still treated as second-class citizens.
Gender inequality comes from the belief that one gender is superior to another. Such beliefs lead to various stereotypes like a woman is supposed to cook and do housework while men must work and so on. Discrimination further legitimizes traditional stereotypes, beliefs and practices. This reflects in the unfair treatment of women, which is often based on prejudice, ignorance, patriarchal social system and unjust structures. Discrimination in any sphere of life is abominable and unacceptable in the society.
Today women have shown their power and potency in almost all fields of human engagement. For instance, Nirupama Rao is the Indian Foreign officer and former Indian Ambassador to the United states, prior to that she served two years as the Foreign Secretary of India. Kiran Bedi is a retired police officer who joined the Indian Police Service in 1972. Medha Patkar is a social activist and reformer turned politician who is best recognized as the founder member of Narmada Bachao Andolan.
Indra Krishnamuthy Nooyi who is the current Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer of PepsiCo is ranked among the 100 most powerful woman. While speaking to the Great Lakes Institue of Management Students in Chennai, She said “Every one of you has the advantage and opportunity of the much more liberal, modern India with many more professional female role models. I think the future is especially bright for women. Don’t let anything hold you back”.
According to the International Society of Women Airline Pilots (ISA) 2014, there are 4,000 women out of 130,000 airline pilots. Among 3,500 pilots employed by the British Airways 200 are women. Sheryl Sandberg, COO, Facebook said, “I look forward to the day when half our homes are run by men and half of our companies and institutions are run by women. When that happens, It won’t just mean happier women and families; it will mean more successful business and better lives for us all.”
Despite such huge success women have registered in every field of human activity, there still remains gender discrimination and bias. Because they are women, they fail to be recruited for jobs when they can very well perform like any man. They are paid less than their counterparts for performing the same job. In the advertisement market they are used as commodities for selling products rather than persons with dignity and rights. Media portrays women as the ‘weaker sex’ while in truth they are the ‘complimentary sex’.
Gender discrimination like harassment can cause great emotional and psychological trauma to the victim. It includes violence or inappropriate behavior, making sexist comment or making women feel inferior or incapable of doing certain jobs because of their gender.
In the Army women were deprived of permanent commission. They were qualified for only a short service with a tenure of up to 14 years, which made them ineligible for pension and they found it difficult to get work after their retirement. Women who filed petition against this, argued that they have also received the same training as their male counter parts and have same experience as men do. The only reason that they could not go further is that they were women. Now according the latest ruling, women will be able to work until the age of 54 as their counterparts.
For a girl, discrimination starts from the moment she is conceived in the womb of her mother. The parents, including the mother, hope and pray for a boy child. In many countries and societies they perform the sex determination test to determine the sex of the baby and abort it if the baby is girl. In other cases, when the doctor says, ‘it’s a girl’ their countenance falls as if the most terrible tragedy has struck them. Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar are the worst place for women. Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of girls married between 10-19 years of age. According to the Registration survey 2014 and National Crime Records Bureau, there are 38,467 crimes registered against women in UP, followed by West Bengal and Rajasthan. When it comes to crime rate, Delhi has the highest rate(69.6) followed by Assam and Rajasthan. India reports 26 crimes against women every hour.
“In most parts of the world when a girl is born, her wings are clipped so that she is not able to fly,” says ZiauddinYousafzai, the father of the Nobel Prize winner Malala Yousafzai. A girl child is considered an unwelcome entry to their families and so she is treated with bias even in her own home. While a boy gets all the privileges, a girl is supposed to be submissive, and slavishly obedient. Male children are given the opportunities to study and become what they want to, but girls are supposed to confine themselves to serving others by doing the household duties. According to sociologist Sylvia Walby, patriarchy is “a system of social structure and practices in which men dominate, oppress and exploit women”. In a patriarchal society, girls enjoy less privileges and rights because they are considered to be a burden and not an asset. Gender discrimination is prohibited by law and a woman has every right to take action when she feels discriminated because of gender, age or marital status.
The mass molestation of women during New Year Eve celebrations in the heart of the city, Bengaluru is still a shock to the people. The first step to put an end to sexual violence and discrimination begins with speaking about it openly. As a woman one needs to be confident and show that you have zero tolerance for sexist or discriminatory behavior. The more one tolerates, the more difficult it will become to confront the situation.
The stark and shameful reality calls for a change of our cultural and societal values. Gender equality is not a woman’s issue, but it is a human issue. It affects us all. The UN Women Goodwill Ambassador, Nicole Kidman’s words should become a reality in every part of the world, “Imagine a bold plan for a world without discrimination, in which women and men are equal partners in shaping their societies and lives. Let’s picture it!”
BENGALURU: Mahatma Gandhi in his weekly journal “Young India” in 1921 wrote that the female sex is the nobler of the two, as it is the embodiment of sacrifice, silent suffering, humility, faith and knowledge. Women have the right to participate in all the activities of life and have equal rights of freedom and liberty as men. Gandhi in his Bhagini Samaj speech in 1918 acknowledged that women have a supreme place in her own sphere of activity as men. He realized that the backwardness of women was a stumbling block in the path of their progress.
Supporting lives with minimum wage PHOTO – SHIIJI
To empower women and to give her a better place in society is one of the challenges, which we have not achieved till now. There are still women who are uneducated and struggle to bring up their family through domestic duties and other unskilled jobs. Sunitha Kujur a 20- year-old domestic worker from Assam came to Bangalore in search of work. Since she was not educated, she could only carry out the domestic duty. She said, “I don’t have my father and my mother works in the tea garden. She is paid Rs. 100 per day, with which we can’t manage. Due to financial problem, I could not go to school. I work from morning to evening and at the end of the day I get tired. I bear this difficulty for the sake of my family so that I can send some money to the family and my younger brother can continue studying.”
Mrs. Corrine Kumar, Founder of Vimochana, Forum for women’s right in Bangalore said that if we look at the judicial system, laws which are there to protect women are not working. When the women’s laws were written years ago, violence against women was never given as much seriousness. Even though there are dowry acts, domestic act which are dealing with violence against women, very few convictions have taken place.
She also added, “There are so many loop holes in the law. It says the giver and taker of the dowry has to pay for it. If I have taken dowry and given dowry who is going to get me? Then it says the women can given eye witness on account of the incident but women who’s been burned by her husband and going to die will never give an eye witness to give her husband to jail. She will not give her husband to the police because they have small children.”
The whole system acts in such a way that one finds it difficult to get justice. Vasanth V. Fernandes, Advocate, stated that there are plenty of cases coming in on the issue of women, especially in family court on divorce and domestic violence. Due to lack of sufficient lawyers in the judicial system, cases keep pending. A person who is in the judicial custody should be produced to the magistrate once in 15 days; it takes at least half a day. He also added that one can never say all the cases are genuine, lack of evidence and mind set of the judges also can be a cause for delaying a case.
Women experience various forms of struggle. Sangeetha Bonesh, wife of a construction worker narrated her struggle to The Beacon. She said, “It is one year since I am here with my 2 year old child to be with my husband. We are basically from Gulbarga district. He goes in the morning at 8 a.m. and works till 5 p.m. in the evening. He gets only 300 rupees, which is not enough for us to manage. We don’t have drinking water facility, we go to the neighboring house to collect water and we have only one room for cooking and sleeping. Our house is made of tin sheets and it leaks during the rainy season. Financial difficulties at home force us to live in this condition.
Fr Shaju Kalappurackal, Executive Secretary for Commission of Migrant Workers, Archdiocese of Bangalore said that in Bangalore there are several female garment workers who are mostly from Northeast. These workers are not paid well, they are forced to work 9.-10 hours a day, in poor living conditions in a small room, ten to twelve of them without a bed, sleeping on the floor. Women workers are disallowed from going outside hostel soon after their work, so they don’t have much contact with the outside world. We organize gathering of migrant workers from different places, it is mainly to share their issues, provide counseling, guidance at their areas of work and places of living.
Fr Kalappurackal shared a story of one of the garment workers with The Beacon. Anita Marak from Meghalaya was working in a garment factory. The company did not pay her well and for few months she did not get her salary. So one day she ran away from the hostel in order to get another job. While staying in a P.G, she was often harassed by the boys of the locality. The members of the migrant commission came to her rescue and got her a job in a private hospital.
Due to the urbanization women domestics are most needed people. People prefer domestic workers than men. Migrant female domestic workers are engaged mostly in house hold jobs. They are not exposed to formal labour structures and are often exploited, undergoing different kind of molestation and sexual harassment. They are unaware of procedure for legal protection or social benefits. Long hours of work, food deprivation, a lot of work load and even sexual abuse are the regular hardships they have to put up with.
Often women suffer due to the drinking habit of the husband. The home atmosphere is often detrimental to the children because of quarrelling and violence. In conversation with The Beacon, Sr Marina Kalathil, Director, Jeeva Darshana (Centre for Holistic Healing and Wholeness) narrated a story of Geetha Mohan, a 30 year old housewife. This lady Geetha Mohan tried to commit suicide by jumping in the well due to the ill treatment of her drunken husband. She was even beaten up by his brothers and sister-in-law, but with courage and determination she brought up her three children. Today all the children are settled and one of them is a High Court judge.
The plight of Dalit women is still worse. They continue to live within the social hierarchy mediated by caste and untouchability and in extreme poverty. A case study was shared by Vimochana of a 10 year old girl, Surya who is a rape survivor. This rape incident took place in Kerala on 4 February 2000 at 11.30 a.m. Surya was on her way to school and was crossing the home of Balakrishanapillai-an Upper caste Hindu and 70-year-old retired military officer. He called Surya into his house and asked her to fetch a knife from the kitchen to cut some flowers from the garden. Then he followed her to the bed room and forced himself on her and threatened to kill her and her mother if she filed a complaint. Surya at about 4.00 pm fled from the house of Balakrishnapillai. One neighbor by the name Shivankutty saw her running from Balakrishanapillai house half naked and with her hands covering her private parts. She was crying and in an obvious state of distress.
The unfortunate thing is that women through continued socio-cultural conditioning have accepted their subordinate position to men and they have become part and parcel of the patriarchal society. Discriminations and inequality will go on; the real change will come only when the mentality of men will change, when men will start treating women as equal and not as their subordinate.
Therefore, what is needed is the empowerment of woman where women can become economically independent and self-reliant; where they can fight their own fears and go out in the world fearless, where women have good education, good career, and ownership of property and above all where they have freedom of choice and also freedom to make their own decision.
BENGALURU: The year 2014 was crucial for India -Kailash Satyarthi, a passionate Indian activist fighting against bonded child labour, shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Malala Yousafzai. However, three years after such internationally recognized efforts by the likes of the Nobel laureate, India is still under the grips of the vile bonded child labor.
Child labour in India is dated back to the period of British. The introduction of British administration in India resulted poverty, this major effect made the parents force their children into labour. This social evil started to grow fast in india, and is still prevailing even today.
The future of the country is burdened with heavy chores. PHOTO-TOI
International Labour Organization (ILO) defines the term ‘child labor’ as that work which deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity and it is harmful to their health. Some child activists argue that those children who are not allowed to study in the schools are also supposed to be included as child labours, even if they are not involved in any works.
According to ILO report in 2015, hazardous work among adolescents aged 15 to 17 years of age, who are above the minimum working age in most countries but at the same time are still legally children, overlap the child labour and youth employment fields. Families living in the villages send their children to cities to get good wages to sustain their family.
Bosco is a private organisation working for the young at risk in the city of Bangalore since 1980. Fr Mathew Thomas, Executive Director of Bosco said, “We always aim to provide alternatives for children deprived of their childhood and enrich them with the best as they may come out with bright future.”
“Poverty and violence in the family would drive the children out of their homes. Children are made to work indoors so they are not really visible to the public eye. The conditions in which children work is completely unregulated and they are often made to work without food and very low wages, resembling situations of slavery.
Child labour is cheap in India, henceforth a lot of children are employed in India. There are some wonderful schemes adopted by the government but we are failing to deliver the same to these children. Many organization have come into existence to solve the problem of child labour. There are cases of physical, sexual and emotional abuse of child domestic workers, paving way to prostitution. We are also working towards mass rescue, later identify their problems and enforce our work and programme according to the state policies.’’he added.
According to HAQ Centre for child rights report 2016, child labour is highest among the OBC, Muslims, Schedule castes and Scheduled tribes. Bonded child labour in the rural areas is still a raging phenomenon and very cleverly hidden from any legal or prying eyes.
Mrs.Lakshmi Devi , Deputy Director of Women and Child Rights Department, Government of Karnataka said, “First and foremost, the community of child labour require protection. It should be brought to the notice of the government organization. Generally the organization adopts children rescued from child labour. With their parents permission, the child is taken care of and admitted to a school under the protection of the organization. These children are taken care of and given formal education up to 18 years of age.” “Apart from formal education skill technical training is also given to the students with higher education,” she added.
Along with Child Protection Unit in Child Rights Department, so many people try to help young girls get education both through organized NGO and through personal efforts. Vidyaranya is a non- profit, non political and secular development organization which identify all children in need of care and protection particularly beggars, street and working children, rag pickers, small vendors, street performers, orphaned, deserted, trafficked and runaway children and provide all the facilities to those children. Recently a 11 year old girl child labour was rescued by Vidyaranya organization.
She has 2 elder sisters, 2 younger sisters and 1 younger brother. Her parents are illiterate and don’t know how to read and write hence she was sent out to work by her parents. Her father sells snacks at the railway station and her mother is a daily wage earner. Her grandmother left her at the railway station and promised her that she would be back within 10 minutes and she did not return.
Nirmala (name changed on the request of the guardian) is the daughter of Perumal and Mala. She has 1 elder brother. Her father is an alcoholic and never takes care of his children. He used to torture her mother for dowry. He deserted his wife and children, left home with his son and married another woman. The economic status of the family is very low. They do not have any other source of earning. Now her mother works in a garment factory. Her mother cannot provide proper food or education to her daughter. Nirmala was referred by one of our Rainbow staff and got admitted in our home. Now she is happy and looking for her bright carrier. Give the quote
Dr Sripad S.B, Joint Labour Commissioner said, “We are working towards stopping child labour. We will support child workers because they have to get educated to have a bright future. Our motto is for them to grow into great personalities. Therefore, we are fighting to do away with child labour. Various activist are also aiding us to achieve this goal.”